Cave of Agioi Anargiroi

The Cave of Agioi Anargiroi (or Koufierou) is located on the mountain Koufieros opposite to the village Palaio Loutro and it is located 45 km away from the city of Kalamata.

Τhe first traces of residence of the last period of the Neolithic Age in Messinia were found in the cave of Agioi Anargiroi in Trifylia.

Finding parts of vessels in and around the cave attests the human presence since the end of the Neolithic period (4500 to 3200 BC) or perhaps earlier.

Finding fragments of Mycenaean pottery indicates the reuse of the cave, perhaps for religious purposes since 2,000 BC. Archaeologists have found continuity of use of the Cave of Agioi Anargiroi since the Neolithic to the Byzantine period.

According to tradition there was an ancient temple but it doesn’t exist anymore. Inside the Cave of Agioi Anargiroi there is still a small church dedicated to Agioi Anargiroi where frescoes of the Byzantine Era are preserved under newer coatings. There are many other paintings of the same period in other parts of the cave.

Inside the cave there was a large stoa, which is currently covered by stones. Near the Cave of Agioi Anargiroi there are the sources of Margelaina that supply with water, the river Velikas.

The Cave of Agioi Anargiroi is a classified as archaeological site.