Samarina

Τhe church of the village, built in the 12th century is one of the best preserved Byzantine monuments of Messinia next to Androussa, in the village Kalogerorrachi and more specifically in an open area of a beautiful valley.

It was originally a Catholic church of the nunnery of Osia Mary of Egypt, but today the church of the village is dedicated to Zoodochos Pigi. As it was proved, it was built over an ancient temple dedicated to the goddess Rhea.

The church of Samarina is a cross- domed. It has three apses to the east while a tower bell was raised later to the west. The walls of the monument are very well-cared  using ancient building material and rich ceramic decoration.

Inside Samarina there are frescoes of “academic trend” of later komnenian painting. Platytera in the central niche of the altar is very interesting and was created according to monumental Platytera of Agia Sophia in Constantinople, and beneath it the Epitaph of Samarina, who represents Christ lying in white linen cloth.

We should mention the quality of the architectural sculptures of the village. The marble temple and the two shrines are exquisite creations of so-called “workshop of the Samarina”, the activity of which is placed in the second half of the 12th century.

Samarina that was a nunnery since its foundation, does not have any nuns for centuries and today it is a dependency of the Holy Monastery of Voulkano.