Kefalonia – Archaeological Sites

Kefalonia is an island with a rich history. Archaeological excavations have been carried out throughout the whole island and the visitor has the chance to visit the archaeological sites that belong to different eras and periods.

The oldest findings indicate signs of habitation in Kefalonia since the 10th millennium BC, while some scholars trace the beginning of human presence on the island to 50,000 BC.  Tools and other items belonging to the Paleolithic era, were unearthed from the archaeological site west of Ancient Krani. The Mycenaean tombs in the archaeological sites of Tzanata, Metaxata, Mazarakata certify that Kefalonia was an important center during the Mycenaean Age.

During the Achaean and classical Greek antiquity, Kefalonia was dominated by four cities – states. From the Tetrapolis (‘four cities’) of Kefalonia, today are open to visitors the archaeological sites in Sami and ancient Krani. The other two were Proni, in the southeastern part of the island, and Palli, in the peninsula of Palliki.

The archaeological sites of Roman times in Kefalonia are also of great interest. The Romans attacked the island in the 1st century BC and although the city-states resisted, ultimately they did not escape the Roman domination. Temples, palaces and Roman baths are among the must-see archaeological sites of Kefalonia.

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